Corruption is the Key Politics in Africa: Poverty killing Africans
Africa, a continent blessed abundantly with natural resources and excessive value of human capital is yet to find its rightful place in world politics?
Africa is very rich with natural possessions such as fertile soil, enough rain and sunshine for cultivation, raw materials, oil, gas, gold and many other major resources, but corruption and bad governances are the major reasons for the visible miserable poverty, unmanageable sufferings and deaths in our continent.
Our continent oil’s high quality makes it relatively inexpensive to refine; but most Africans are seeing little benefit from this influx of oil drillers and investment; in fact we often hurt by exports of our countries’ oil and other riches.
For instance, between 1970 and 1990, countries without oil saw their economies grow five times faster than those of countries with high quality of oil. A classic example is Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, these two neighboring countries with abundant of oil and riches are rated among the poorly nations. This is directly due to abuse of riches by the corrupt elites, politicians and foreign capitalists.
Nowadays, bad leadership and rampant corruption are killing Africa’s progress while the greater number of the continent’s population lives on less than one United States dollar a day.
Corruption is not a new phenomenon to Africans and its huge populations, it has been eating up every sphere of the our continent especially corruption prone states in Africa; not to mention ours which is 169- year old. This unethical practice has grown even larger to an extent it is not only hampering development and growth on the continent but it is also hunting men and women of honesty and integrity who have made it their lifetime duty to blow loud whistles against it.
In this research article, Africa Continent Care focus will be on two issues which we are convened are responsible for the backwardness of states on the African continent, compared to the rest of the other continents. A recorded number of people die each day in our continent Africa due purposely to extreme poverty.
Majority of the crises across the African continent are direct result of the struggles for oil wealth or opposition against exclusion from resources and bad governances. The Our continent experienced dozen of vicious wars in several countries including the Nigeria’s Biafra war, the rebels’ war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formally Zaire), Angola, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopian-Eritrea war, Rwanda war between the Hutu and the Tutsi, Senegal-Casamance Region, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Ivory Coast, Northern and Southern Sudan’s war, Kenya post election violence, Libyan, and now Mali, just to name few.
All these wars were direct results of abused of state resources and national wealth, bad governances, corruption, class system and abused of state power and authority by handful of our African leaders and foreign capitalists.
In many African countries, corruption takes place as a rule based for decisions. That is, public officials influence the economic decision in detriment of the entire society. This results in inefficiency and high transaction costs as well as distortion of transparent and normal market operations and thus, creating insecurity for investors. Corruption takes place
when public officials break the laws to fulfill their own interests. The most common types of corruption are bribery and extortion as well as the allocation of public resources to favor political benefits.
While Poverty in Africa Has Declined, Number of Poor Has Increased. Still today, over 40% of people living in sub-Saharan Africa live in absolute poverty. Poverty is sometimes more about how a society shares money out than how much money there is overall.
Poverty is the principal cause of hunger in Africa. Simply put, people do not have sufficient income to purchase enough food.
As noted above
A related topic is corruption. Freedom in the World is an annual index that measures the degree that people have political rights and civil liberties.
The threat of death and serious injury resulting from conflict can result in such a desperate situation that people leave their homes. This is in spite of the fact that this requires leaving nearly everything behind: house and land, sources of income, and most possessions, becoming uprooted from the place where you have lived (which was home and loved), to go–typically a journey of great danger–in search of a better alternative. Africa had an estimated 15.5 million refugees and internally displaced persons in today,While not all refugees are caused by conflict/violence. Why are we Poor?