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Crisis on Earth

List of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence,

secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc.), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war.
List of ongoing conflicts in Africa: Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Somalia, Uganda, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Western Sahara, Democratic Republic of Congo and Chad

Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike. Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed. For ongoing civil unrest and violence against protesters not escalating
into armed conflict, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ongoing_armed_conflicts

Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from
famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.

The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. The conflict is the continuation of the past insurgency by Polisario against the Spanish colonial forces in 1973–75 and the subsequent Western Sahara War
between the Polisario and Morocco (1975–91). Today the conflict is dominated by unarmed civil campaigns of the Polisario Front and their self-proclaimed SADR state to gain fully recognized independence for Western Sahara. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Sahara_conflict

The Fulani Herdsmen crisis remains a major issue in Nigeria. So far, thousands have been killed and many more have been expelled from their homes, and the Nigerian government does not appear willing to initiate any forceful action against them. Rather, they are requesting for pieces of land from states in order to provide the rampaging herdsmen
with permanent feeding ground.

Who are the Fulani Herdsmen?

They are largely nomads who go through towns with their cattle. In Nigeria, the Fulani and the Hausa people dominate the northern states, with a population of well over 30 million. Notably, people of the Fulani tribe rarely ever use artificial birth control methods and, as a
result of this, the tribe is very fertile, hence their vast population and their presence in almost every state across the country.Benue killing: Nigeria’s Fulani herdsmen attacks have over surpassed,
www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-42648492

www.qz.com/1178371/benue-killing-nigerias-fulani-herdsmen-attacks-have-over-surpassed-boko-haram/

www.dailypost.ng/2018/01/14/herdsmen-attacks-buhari-gives-reason-killings-crisis/

Libyan Slave Trade: Here’s What You Need to Know

The Libyan Slave Trade Has Shocked the World. Here’s What You Should Know
A video of men appearing to be sold at auction in Libya for $400 has shocked the world and focused international attention on the exploitation of migrants and refugees the north African country.

The footage and subsequent investigation conducted by CNN last month has rallied European and African leaders to take action to stop the abuses. On Wednesday, the leaders of Libya, France, Germany, Chad and Niger and four other countries agreed on a plan to evacuate thousands of migrants stuck in Libyan detention camps.

The grainy undercover video appears to show smugglers selling off a dozen men outside of the capital city Tripoli.

“Does anybody need a digger? This is a digger, a big strong man, he’ll dig,” said an auctioneer, according to CNN. “What am I bid, what am I bid?”

http://time.com/5042560/libya-slave-trade/

A CNN team travels to Libya and witnesses a dozen men auctioned — some for as little as $400 each. The crew is also told of auctions taking place at nine locations in the country.

https://edition.cnn.com/specials/africa/libya-slave-auctions

Slave auctions in Libya caught on camera | New York Post

Nigerians return from slavery in Libya to thriving sex-trafficking

www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-42492687

The European Union is working with Libyan coastguards to reduce the number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea. But many of those intercepted end up in detention centres in Libya, where some migrants say they are used as slaves, as the BBC’s Stephanie Hegarty found when she spoke to some Nigerians who have just returned home.

As evening falls on Benin City, outside the mildewed 1960s block of one of the city’s many hotels, a group of men and women are sitting on a scattering of plastic chairs, under a sign advertising “exotic cocktails” and “groovy nights”.

But they are not here for drinks or dancing, they are about to start the hard work of rebuilding their lives.

They have come from Libya, where most of them were held in detention centres by the Libyan authorities. And they have returned with accounts of horrifying abuse, including being leased or sold as slaves.
www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-42492687

Africa Continent care team

Second Sudanese Civil War

The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army. It was largely a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War of 1955 to 1972. Although it originated in southern Sudan, the civil war spread to the Nuba mountains and Blue Nile. It lasted for 22 years and is one of the longest civil wars on record. The war resulted in the independence of South Sudan six years after the war ended.
Roughly two million people died as a result of war, famine and disease caused by the conflict. Four million people in southern Sudan were displaced at least once (and normally repeatedly) during the war. The civilian death toll is one of the highest of any war since World War II[5] and was marked by a large number of human rights violations. These include slavery and mass killings.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Sudanese_Civil_War
South Sudan: What is the fighting about

More than a million people have fled their homes in South Sudan since fighting broke out in December between government and rebel forces. President Salva Kiir says it was a coup attempt, blaming soldiers loyal to former Vice-President Riek Machar for the trouble, but Mr Machar denies this.

Since South Sudan overwhelmingly voted to break away from Sudan in 2011, the government’s main concern has been to get oil flowing following disagreements with Khartoum – production only resumed in April.
www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-25427965

Eritrean–Ethiopian War:
Conflicts in Ethiopia – Wikipedia
What is behind clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions?

Thousands of people have fled Ethiopia’s Somali region following deadly clashes in recent days between ethnic Somalis and Oromos. The BBC’s Kalkidan Yibeltal looks at the cause of the conflict and whether it can be stopped.
www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-41278618

Zimbabwe opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai dies aged 65
Zimbabwe’s main opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai has died in South Africa, a senior official in his MDC party has said.

Mr Tsvangirai, 65, a former prime minister, had reportedly been suffering from colon cancer.

Mr Tsvangirai’s career was marked by a long political struggle against former President Robert Mugabe.

This breaking news story is being updated and more details will be published shortly. Please refresh the page for the fullest version.
www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-43066175

Conflict in Zimbabwe : Origins of the Conflict in Zimbabwe
Since gaining independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has continued to experience low intensity protracted conflict marked by periods of escalation during state-sponsored violence. The Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), led by Robert Gabriel Mugabe, is entrenched and maintains a monopoly over state institutions and the economy. Conflict today remains rooted in the contest for national power.
www.peaceinsight.org/blog/2015/08/zimbabwe-conflict-history

I’ll hurry back to Sambisa Forest if ever released – Boko Haram
Boko Haram: Shekau On The Run Dressed As A Woman
Boko Haram: Nigerian Army declares Shekau wanted
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boko_Haram

The Islamic State in West Africa formerly known as Jamā’at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da’wah wa’l-Jihād (Arabic: جماعة أهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد , “Group of the People of Sunnah for Preaching and Jihad”) and commonly known as Boko Haram until March 2015, is a Jihadist militant organization based in northeastern Nigeria,

After its founding in 2002, Boko Haram’s increasing radicalization led to a violent uprising in July 2009 in which its leader was summarily executed. Its unexpected resurgence, following a mass prison break in September 2010, was accompanied by increasingly sophisticated attacks, initially against soft targets, but progressing in 2011 to include suicide bombings of police buildings and the United Nations office in Abuja. The government’s establishment of a state of emergency at the beginning of 2012, extended in the following year to cover the entire northeast of Nigeria, led to an increase in both security force abuses and militant attacks

Southern Cameroons – Ambazonia
THE HIDDEN TRUTH OF SOUTHERN CAMEROON FIGHTS

Southern Cameroons was the southern part of the British Mandate territory of British Cameroons in West Africa. Since 1961 it has been part of the Republic of Cameroon, where it makes up the Northwest Region and Southwest Region. Since 1994, pressure groups in the territory have sought independence
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambazonia

Mali Crisis

Timeline of the crisis in Mali. A peace deal signed by all parties to the conflict in Mali has yet to materialize. … January 17, 2012: Fighting breaks out in northern Mali between Tuareg rebels of the newly founded National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and the military. Azawad is a name for northern Mali.
Mali is in the grip of an unprecedented political crisis, one of the most serious since the landlocked West African country gained independence from France in 1960. It was hit by a coup in March 2012 – and a rebellion in the north that has caused alarm around the world.

Crisis in Mali – International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Mali_conflict

Biafra

Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist unrecognized state in West Africa which existed from 30 May 1967 to January 1970; it was made up of the states in the Eastern Region of Nigeria.
Biafra: IPOB insists court must deliver its judgment despite Kanu’s missing file
Biafra: ECOWAS court fails to hear Nnamdi Kanu’s case
Biafran suit in America: US rejects Nigeria’s defence of immunity
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biafra
Africa hunger, famine: Facts, FAQs, and how to help